Paradigm Shift

Course: Workshop1: 21st Century skills
Book: Paradigm Shift
Printed by: Guest user
Date: Sunday, 5 February 2023, 8:11 AM

Paradigm Shift 1 - Learner Centered Approach

Discussion of the reading Pedagogy of the Oppressed as a philosophical basis underpinning CBC

Key learning point:  

The philosophical idea behind CBC.

As part of the activities for this session, watch the video below. Also, read the Chapter of Paulo Freire's Pedagogy of the Oppressed  <opens in new window> before the afternoon session on 26th April, 2021 

Video: Teaching methods for inspiring the students of the future by Joe Ruhl

Collaboration, Communication, Critical thinking and Creativity should be present in all classrooms

Paradigm Shift 2 - Learning Outcomes


The CBC is competency based-centered- the 21st century skills are at the center of every learning activity. In this session participants will be able craft SMART(TT) learning outcomes on the learning of 4Cs.

Key learning points:

Primary material: 

KICD Grade 5 Curriculum <opens in new window>
Learning Outcomes <opens in new window>

Paradigm Shift 3 - Learning Designs

Designing Learning: Conversational Framework


The need to engage students in a structured manner in the learning of the 4Cs.

Key learning points

Six learning types

Primary material

Video at:

Teaching and learning strategies at: